Highlights of Polish History
Set out on a journey through the history that has shaped today’s Poland. Here you will hear the beating of the “heart of Europe,” as Norman Davies, a historian, calls our country.
Polish Armed Forces Day
The Feast of the Polish Armed Forces is celebrated on August 15 to commemorate the decisive Polish offensive during the 1920 Battle of Warsaw, which was fought during the Polish-Bolshevik War. The victorious battle, which lasted almost two weeks, was decisive in preserving Poland's independence and disbanded plans to spread the Bolshevik revolution to Western Europe.
On August 8 Dziennik Gazeta Prawna published a sensational article by Zbigniew Parafianowicz and Michał Potocki about how a Polish envoy in Bern saved several hundred Jews from the Holocaust, together with Swiss and Jewish organizations in the United States. Yet another series of events from which Poland and Poles can draw pride and strength.
The 73rd anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising
Every year at 17:00, alarm sirens are heard on the streets of Warsaw. The city comes to a standstill. The inhabitants of Warsaw pay homage to the fallen and surviving partisans.
How the Warsaw Uprising Challenged and Changed Poland
Poland must keep the memory of 1944 alive so that these valuable lessons are not forgotten.
How Beniowski became the ruler of Madagascar
Not many discoverers or world travellers have made a name for themselves on the pages of Polish history. But one man that did was undoubtedly Beniowski – a valiant soldier, sailor, commander and even... king.
The Blue Army’s furry friend
Wojtek the bear, who accompanied Anders’s Army in all its battles, was not the only animal to serve in the Polish Armed Forces. Wojtek had a predecessor – a polar bear named Baśka from Murmansk. Her story sheds light on a somewhat forgotten part of the history of Polish military units.
Brussels hosts exhibition on Polish Righteous
An exhibition entitled “The Good Samaritans from Poland” has opened at the European Parliament in Brussels.
The Niagara-Berezyna Axis
General Haller’s army had a lot to thank France for: first and foremost its name but also its regulations, machine guns, tanks and legendary blue capes. But its rank and file was Polish, composed of diverse “Polish elements” – from recent subjects of Emperor Franz Joseph to settlers from Brazil.
Biography of Polish fighter ace published in UK
A biography of General Stanisław Skalski, a Polish pilot who became Britain’s first World War II fighter ace, has been published in the UK.
72nd anniversary of the liberation of Mauthausen-Gusen
The Secretary of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Jan Dziedziczak, the Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage Magdalena Gawin as well as a delegation of the Office of Veterans and Persecuted Persons and representatives of the Polish Parliament will attend the ceremonies commemorating the 72nd anniversary of the liberation of the German Nazi concentration camps in Mauthausen-Gusen.
Europe’s first constitution
It was the Polish Constitution, adopted on May 3rd 1791, and not the much-lauded French Constitution, that was Europe’s first fundamental law. And it was the second in the world, after the American Constitution of 1787. Moreover, it was implemented using democratic methods and, in contrast to France, without any blood being shed.
Those who do not know history are doomed to repeat it
Poland.pl talks to Dr. Karol Nowicki, the director of the Second World War Museum in Gdansk about the museum, plans for the future and the merger with the Westerplatte Museum.
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The Germans squeezed over 400,000 Jews within the walled-in area of the Warsaw Ghetto – residents of the city and the neighbouring towns and villages, as well as deportees from the territories incorporated into the Reich. In the ghetto, tens of thousands of people died of hunger and disease.
A journey through Polish history
The Museum of Polish History was established by the Polish Ministry for Culture and National Heritage on May 2, 2006. It presents the most important motifs of Polish history – the state and the nation – with special emphasis on the topics of freedom, parliamentarian tradition, citizen institutions and movements, and the fight for freedom and independence.
UK police praise Polish truck art
UK police have taken to Twitter to praise artwork painted on a Polish truck.
How not to tell history
It is difficult to have a good reputation. However, it is easy to lose it. This truth is known to every sober-minded person.
They brought knowledge of the potter's wheel, advanced ferrous metallurgy and coinage - the Celts arrived in the southern areas of the current Polish territory 2.5 thousand years ago and significantly influenced the history of the region - Dr. Przemysław Dulęba from University of Wroclaw said in an interview with Polish Press Agency (PAP).
Steadfast to the end
Interview with Tadeusz Płużański, historian and son of a Doomed Soldier, conducted by Jan Przemylski.
National Remembrance Day of the Cursed Soldiers
On March 1 Poland marks the National Remembrance Day of the Cursed Soldiers, in honour of the once forgotten underground anti-communist heroes of 1944-1956. The commemorative ceremonies are being held under the patronage of the President of Poland Andrzej Duda.
Leopold Skulski – pharmacist and prime minister
The monthly journal “Czasopismo Aptekarskie” (“Pharmacy Journal”) has proclaimed 2017 as the Year of Leopold Skulski, in honour of the chemical engineer and pharmacist who served as Poland's prime minister and was murdered by the Soviets in 1940.
Polish Institute in Vienna hosts Janusz Korczak exhibition
On Tuesday 21 February, the Polish Institute in Vienna joined forces with the Austrian Janusz Korczak Society (Österreichische Janusz-Korczak-Gesellschaft), to host a ceremony commemorating the work of the eminent Polish-Jewish doctor, educator and writer Janusz Korczak, who devoted his whole life to children.
The Polish Embassy in Washington has prepared an educational video titled "Words Matter," aimed at correcting historical distortions that denigrate the good name of Poland. This is just one of many examples of the activity undertaken by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the fight against so-called "defective memory codes".
150th Anniversary of the Polish Gymnastic Society “Sokół”
“It was assumed that if an opportunity to regain Polish independence arose, those who were able-bodied and patriotic would stand up to fight for it,” said Professor Andrzej Chwalba of the Jagiellonian University. The Polish Gymnastic Society “Sokół” (i.e. “Falcon”), an organisation with a sport and educational character, was established in Lwów 150 years ago on 7 February 1867.
Enemy of the People at 10 Years Old
An interview with Professor Stanislaw Kulon, sculptor, deportee to Syberia, and the author of the exhibition "A Testimony II. 1939-1946" ("Świadectwo II. 1939-1946").
Ignacy Jan Paderewski’s America mission
How did it come about that one hundred years ago, on the behest of President Woodrow Wilson, the United States started talking about the need to create a “united, independent and autonomous Poland” after the end of the Great War?
The creation of the Polish Legions in Italy
On January 9, 1797, Jan Henryk Dabrowski signed an agreement with the Government of the Republic of Lombardy regarding the establishment of Polish divisions that would serve the latter republic and be financed by it. The divisions were named the “Polish Legions Supporting Lombardy” and were given uniforms and banners similar to those worn in Poland; commands and military ranks were also given in Polish.
People and Animals
Only real life could have scripted this story. Incredible, astonishing… and as inspiring as it gets. An ark was created in a zoo in occupied Warsaw, under the very nose of the Nazis. An ark with not a single animal on board. Animals were replaced with humans seeking shelter. Over one hundred humans.
They marched barefoot in front of the Soviets
“They fled to Manchuria,” these famous words by Joseph Stalin about the missing Polish officers taken prisoner by the Soviets in 1939, were uttered on December 3, 1941, during a meeting between the Soviet leader and the Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile General Wladyslaw Sikorski.
Polish traces in Cameroon
The name of a Polish explorer who ventured to western Cameroon was to be erased from the map forever. Today he has his own commemorative plaque in the palace belonging to the king of the Mondoleh people.
Witnesses of massacre speak out
Poles who survived genocide in Volhynia recount some of the most horrifying stories of the century.
Remembering Solidarity chaplain Father Popiełuszko
Events marking the 32nd anniversary of the death of the Blessed Jerzy Popiełuszko, the Solidarity chaplain murdered by communist secret agents, are being held in Poland on Wednesday.
Poland continues its efforts to commemorate KL Gusen
In its efforts to commemorate KL Gusen, Poland has proposed establishing co-operation between the KL Mauthausen Memorial and the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. However, on the Austrian side there is a stalemate due to the anticipation of the entry into force of a law on the commemoration of concentration camps.
The best cavalry in history
Almost every European country boasts of its cavalry. The French are proud of the cuirassiers, the English of the Light Brigade, the Russians of the Cossacks, the Swedes of the Reiters, the Prussians of the Hussars of Death, and the Americans of the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the US Army. And yet none of these formations –apart from maybe the Napoleonic Chevau-légers also dependent on Poles – can hold a candle to Polish hussars.
Independence Signet for Division 303 fighter pilot ace
John Kent, a Canadian colonel and fighter pilot ace, has been posthumously awarded with an Independence Signet. The distinction is awarded to heroes fighting for freedom and will be bestowed during the “Defiant, Dogged, Damned” festival held in honour of the Cursed Soldiers. This year’s edition of the festival will take place in Gdynia and last from 28 September to 1 October.
The massacre of Poland’s elites
Poles in the territories incorporated into the Reich were the victims of the Intelligenzaktion, a merciless extermination operation.