Rudolf Modrzejewski (1861–1940) – building bridges
An average American found his surname impossible to pronounce. To get around this problem, he would always introduce himself as Ralph Modjeski. Even so, this famous constructor never denied being Polish, and always signed his letters home with his real name.
Polish Aid for Iraq
Poland has been providing assistance to Iraq since 2014, when Daesh fighters took up arms against the government of Nuri al-Maliki, which caused another war in the country. A very high proportion of internally displaced people remains Iraq’s biggest problem, in addition to the huge challenges of post-conflict reconstruction and the continuing difficult economic situation. Political and social tensions, difficulties in finding work and the high level of poverty in the population are forcing Iraqi society to constantly change the place of residence. These negative phenomena disrupt and often make it impossible to secure the basic needs of the population — medical care, food and security. Supported by the Polish government, Polish organisations offer humanitarian aid to refugees and the most deprived people. Poland also helps Iraq by being engaged in international dialogue and bilateral cooperation.
Just Strong. About Ryszard Kukliński
It's been 15 years since Ryszard Kukliński died. As a colonel of the Polish People’s Army, he began, on his own initiative, cooperation with US intelligence services. In fear of a potential military conflict in Europe, he revealed to Americans tens of thousands secret plans drafted by the Warsaw Pact, including a plan of attack against NATO allies. Shortly before the martial law was declared in Poland, the CIA evacuated Kukliński together with his wife and two sons to the United States due to the threat of unmasking.
Bracha – Blessing. Back to Polish Shtetls
On 28th January 2019 at the United Nations headquarters in New York, The Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in New York in cooperation with the Permanent Representation of the Republic of Poland to the United Nations presented a photographic exhibition by Agnieszka Traczewska's "Bracha – Blessing Back to Polish Shtetls." The event was a part of the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Abraham Stern (1769–1842) – Does anyone have a calculator?
What a strange paradox that a computing machine, a device that was inconceivable at the beginning of the 19th century, was not constructed by a mathematician, but by a phenomenal self-taught mechanic. This brilliant mechanic was a Polish Jew named Abraham Stern. He began studying mechanics as a watchmaker’s apprentice in Hrubieszow. At that time, watchmaking was the height of precision mechanics.
Stefan Drzewiecki (1844–1938) – on land, under water and in the air
The first man to fly a heavier-than-air machine was Otto Lilienthal, but the first one to consider such flight possible was Stefan Drzewiecki. He was the one to develop a gliding flight theory, proving that it was possible to fly without flapping wings, merely by giving them a proper shape.
How to educate about Auschwitz in the 21st century?
“Auschwitz is a history of extreme dehumanisation. From the very beginning, the world realised that the remains of camps must serve as a dire warning. In order for this warning to be effective, education has to stir people’s imagination of their own responsibility for fighting evil or for passivity”. About the challenges in the education about the Auschwitz history today we talk with Dr. Piotr M.A. Cywiński, Director of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim.
Palm Houses – tropical warm-up in Poland
No one associates Poland with palm trees, and quite reasonably so. However, Poland boasts many palm houses, which can provide you with warm comfort in wintertime, especially if you are looking for a shelter from wind, sub-zero temperatures or, even worse, melted snow and sleet.
The January Uprising of 1863 was the longest and largest Polish insurrection for independence of the 19th century. It broke another record too - the number of women who fought in its battles exceeded any previous armed struggles. The "Women's War", as the Uprising has been sometimes called, and great trauma it caused, brought enormous suffering, but, on the other hand, in its result, women’s emancipation became one of key questions addressed by the Polish Positivists. An indirect effect of the immense role women played in the Uprising was granting them suffrage shortly after regaining freedom and sovereignty. Polish women were one of the first in Europe to receive voting rights, i.e. as far back as in 1918.
Krakow. European Capital of Gastronomic Culture 2019
For Krakow, 2019 will be the year of tastes, smells and meetings. The capital of Małopolska was chosen as the European Capital of Gastronomic Culture 2019. How about taking this opportunity to taste the food, heritage and atmosphere of Europe’s gastronomic centre?
Jan Józef Baranowski (1805–1888) – Renaissance Man
The most prolific author in Polish literature was Józef Kraszewski, who wrote over 220 novels. As regards inventions, it is Jan Szczepanik and Jan Józef Baranowski who have left the largest legacies.
Ignacy Łukasiewicz (1822–1882) – Polish pharmacist and Prometheus
Even though we rarely realise this in our daily busy life, we need light as much as we need food, drink or sleep. The main source of light is naturally the Sun, but people started looking for other solutions to disperse darkness very soon. The break-through in the history of lighting came with the kerosene lamp .